Today is the 306th day of 2019 and the 41st day of autumn.

TODAY’S HISTORY: In 1889, North Dakota and South Dakota were admitted as the 39th and 40th U.S. states.

In 1947, aircraft designer Howard Hughes piloted his “Spruce Goose,” the largest flying boat ever built, on its maiden (and only) flight.

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation making the third Monday of January a federal holiday marking the birth of Martin Luther King Jr.

In 2000, the first permanent crew arrived at the International Space Station.

TODAY’S BIRTHDAYS: Marie Antoinette (1755-1793), queen of France; James K. Polk (1795-1849), 11th U.S. president; Warren G. Harding (1865-1923), 29th U.S. president; Burt Lancaster (1913-1994), actor; Steve Ditko (1927-), comic-book artist/writer; Pat Buchanan (1938-), political commentator; Michael Buffer (1944-), boxing announcer; k.d. lang (1961-), singer-songwriter; David Schwimmer (1966-), actor; Nelly (1974-), rapper.

TODAY’S FACT: Jimmy Carter, elected president on this day in 1976, was the first U.S. president from the Deep South since before the Civil War.

TODAY’S SPORTS: In 1991, down 49-14 in the third quarter against Weber State, the Nevada Wolf Pack football team scored 41 points, winning 55-49 and setting the then-record for the biggest comeback in NCAA history.

TODAY’S QUOTE: “No president who performs his duties faithfully and conscientiously can have any leisure.” — James Polk

TODAY’S NUMBER: 14 — age at which Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria married future French King Louis XVI and became Marie Antoinette, Dauphine of France.

TODAY’S MOON: Between new moon (Oct. 27) and first quarter moon (Nov. 4).